Leery of North Korea, US plans first test of ICBM intercept

WASHINGTON (AP) — Preparing for North Korea’s growing threat, the Pentagon will try to shoot down an intercontinental-range missile for the first time in a test next week. The goal is to more closely simulate a North Korean ICBM aimed at the U.S. homeland, officials said Friday The American interceptor has a spotty track record, succeeding in nine of 17 attempts against missiles of less-than-intercontinental range since 1999. The most recent test, in June 2014, was a success, but that followed three straight failures. The system has evolved from the multibillion-dollar effort triggered by President Ronald Reagan’s 1983 push for a “Star Wars” solution to ballistic missile threats during the Cold War — when the Soviet Union was the only major worry.

Graphic shows details of U.S. missile launch targeting an ICBM; 2c x 3 1/2 inches; 96.3 mm x 88 mm;

FILE – In this May 21, 2107 file photo people watch a TV news program showing a file image of a missile launch conducted by North Korea, at the Seoul Railway Station in Seoul, South Korea. With North Korea’s nuclear missile threat in mind, the Pentagon is planning a missile defense test next week that for the first time will target an intercontinental-range missile. (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon, File)

WASHINGTON (AP) — Preparing for North Korea’s growing threat, the Pentagon will try to shoot down an intercontinental-range missile for the first time in a test next week. The goal is to more closely simulate a North Korean ICBM aimed at the U.S. homeland, officials said Friday

The American interceptor has a spotty track record, succeeding in nine of 17 attempts against missiles of less-than-intercontinental range since 1999. The most recent test, in June 2014, was a success, but that followed three straight failures. The system has evolved from the multibillion-dollar effort triggered by President Ronald Reagan’s 1983 push for a “Star Wars” solution to ballistic missile threats during the Cold War — when the Soviet Union was the only major worry.

North Korea is now the focus of U.S. efforts because its leader, Kim Jong Un, has vowed to field a nuclear-armed missile capable of reaching American territory. He has yet to test an intercontinental ballistic missile, or ICBM, but Pentagon officials believe he is speeding in that direction.

Marine Lt. Gen. Vincent Stewart, director of the Defense Intelligence Agency, said this week that “left unchecked,” Kim will eventually succeed.

The Pentagon has a variety of missile defense systems, but the one designed with a potential North Korean ICBM in mind is perhaps the most technologically challenging. Critics say it also is the least reliable.

The basic defensive idea is to fire a rocket into space upon warning of a hostile missile launch. The rocket releases a 5-foot-long device called a “kill vehicle” that uses internal guidance systems to steer into the path of the oncoming missile’s warhead, destroying it by force of impact. Officially known as the Ground-based Midcourse Defense system, the Pentagon likens it to hitting a bullet with a bullet.

The Pentagon’s Missile Defense Agency, which is responsible for developing and testing the system, has scheduled the intercept test for Tuesday.

An interceptor is to be launched from an underground silo at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California and soar toward the target, which will be fired from a test range on Kwajalein Atoll in the Pacific. If all goes as planned, the “kill vehicle” will slam into the ICBM-like target’s mock warhead high over the Pacific Ocean.

The target will be a custom-made missile meant to simulate an ICBM, meaning it will fly faster than missiles used in previous intercept tests, according to Christopher Johnson, spokesman for the Missile Defense Agency. The target is not a mock-up of an actual North Korean ICBM.

“We conduct increasingly complex test scenarios as the program matures and advances,” Johnson said Friday. “Testing against an ICBM-type threat is the next step in that process.”

Officials say this is not a make-or-break test.

While it wasn’t scheduled with the expectation of an imminent North Korean missile threat, the military will closely watch whether it shows progress toward the stated goal of being able to reliably shoot down a small number of ICBMs targeting the United States. The Pentagon is thirsting for a success story amid growing fears about North Korea’s escalating capability.

“I can’t imagine what they’re going to say if it fails,” said Philip Coyle, senior science fellow at the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation. He headed the Pentagon’s office of operational test and evaluation from 1994 to 2001 and has closely studied the missile defense system.

“These tests are scripted for success, and what’s been astonishing to me is that so many of them have failed,” Coyle said.

The interceptor system has been in place since 2004, but it has never been used in combat or fully tested. There currently are 32 interceptors in silos at Fort Greely in Alaska and four at Vandenberg, north of Los Angeles. The Pentagon says it will have eight more, for a total of 44, by the end of this year.

In its 2018 budget presented to Congress this week, the Pentagon proposed spending $7.9 billion on missile defense, including $1.5 billion for the ground-based midcourse defense program. Other elements of that effort include the Patriot designed to shoot down short-range ballistic missiles and the Terminal High-Altitude Area Defense, or THAAD, which the U.S. has installed in South Korea as defense against medium-range North Korean missiles.

The Trump administration has yet to announce its intentions on missile defense.

President Donald Trump recently ordered the Pentagon to undertake a ballistic missile defense review. Some experts argue the current strategy for shooting down ICBM-range missiles, focused on the silo-based interceptors, is overly expensive and inadequate. They say a more fruitful approach would be to destroy or disable such missiles before they can be launched, possibly by cyberattack.

Nach dem Schulz-Crash: So will die SPD digital wieder aufholen

Nach dem Schulz-Crash zieht die SPD in den digitalen Wahlkampf – und versucht Lehren auf dem jäh beendeten Hype zu ziehen.

Drei bittere Niederlagen in den Ländern, das Aus eines Internet-Hypes. Zu Beginn der heißen Phase des Bundestagwahlkampfs sieht es nicht gut aus für die Sozialdemokraten. Doch innerhalb der Partei werkeln die Wahlkämpfer an einer Digitalstrategie.

Eigentlich hat die SPD das zu Beginn gut gemacht. Der Witz über Martin Schulz als „Gottkanzler“ wabert damals bereits durch die Reddit-Foren, da tritt er auf einmal wirklich auf die Berliner Bühne: als Spitzenkandidat. Innerhalb von nur fünf Tagen schaffen es die anfangs überraschten Wahlkämpfer, die SPD-Website neu auszurichten, sie stellen eigene Landingpages für Schulz online, zimmern eine Social-Media-Kampagne zusammen. Sie stilisieren den einstigen Witz zur allumfassenden Botschaft hoch: Für die Internet-Crowd donnert auf einmal ein SPD-Mann mit dem Zug Richtung Kanzleramt, rettet Europa und besiegt den Populismus. Das bringt 16.000 neue Parteimitglieder und einen nie dagewesenen Polithype – der jedoch ein jähes Ende findet.

Denn an den Wahlurnen bleibt der „Schulz-Zug“ stecken. Drei Landtagswahlen, dreimal Machtdemonstration der CDU – die Wähler wollen keine Regierung Rot-Rot-Grün im Bund, schreiben die Kommentatoren und zeigen die Zahlen. Die Schulz-Euphorie scheint am Ende. Im Willy-Brandt-Haus kehrt die Einsicht ein: Allein eine digitale Kampagne gewinnt noch keine Wahlen.

Gleichzeitig erfahren sowohl die FDP als auch die Christdemokraten im Netz einen plötzlichen Aufschwung. Christian Lindner schafft den unerwarteten Erfolg als Social-Media-Held. „Die FDP hat verstanden, wie man über Facebook oder Twitter Wähler erreicht – und dass längst alle Altersklassen dort unterwegs sind“, schreibt Der Westen nach der NRW-Wahl. Die CDU präsentiert ihre eigene App im analog-digitalen Häuserwahlkampf, Connect17, und sie verkauft sich auf einer #CNight2017 als die Partei, die Ahnung hat von der digitalen Welt. Posts und Kommentare von der „Verlässlichen Kanzlerin“ fluten als digitale Marke die sozialen Kanäle. Und die SPD? Taucht in den Facebook-Timelines auf einmal nur noch als Verlierer auf.

Doch die Digitalteams hinter den Kulissen des Willy-Brandt-Hauses arbeiten daran, das Blatt zu wenden. Die Partei baut schon seit 2015 ein digitales Ökosystem auf – es orientiert sich an US-amerikanischen Wahlkampftaktiken und will weg vom einzelnen Personenkult und hin zu einer großen Erzählung, die den Erfolg zurückbringen soll. Die passenden Tools für die Kandidaten in Bund und Ländern sind da, das wissen sie in der SPD, die Partei muss sie jetzt nur noch nutzen, um sich wieder fit machen.

Aktivisten vor Ort sollen per Tablet erfassen können: Wie alt ist eine Person? Wie steht sie zur SPD? Will sie vielleicht sogar aktiv im Wahlkampf mitmachen?

Die CDU ist nicht die einzige Partei, die mit eigener Software in den Wahlkampf zieht. Auch die SPD hat ein Wahlkampf-System für ihre Mitglieder entwickelt. Die Tür-zur-Tür-App (TzT) sammelt aggregierte Daten aus dem und für den Straßenwahlkampf. Die Aktivisten vor Ort sollen per Tablet-Fragebogen erfassen können: Wie alt ist eine Person? Wie steht sie zur SPD? Will sie vielleicht sogar aktiv im Wahlkampf mitmachen? Dazu besorgt das Digital-Team öffentliche Daten der Wahlleiter – Informationen über frühere Wahlergebnisse in einem Wahlkreis zum Beispiel oder Wählerbeteiligung. Weitere Daten kommen von Geomarketing-Unternehmen, die öffentliche Daten zur Konfession, Einkommen und Geschlecht in bestimmten Gegenden sammeln.

Das alles sind keine genauen Wählerprofile, die aggregierten Daten sollen den SPD-Kandidaten vor Ort aber bei der Entscheidung helfen: Wo muss ich noch einmal hin, um Präsenz zu zeigen? Wo brauche ich keine Kraft mehr zu investieren? Profiling, so wie die anderen Parteien auch, lehnt die SPD sowieso ab. Der Deutsche Datenschutz lässt diese sehr amerikanische Art des Wahlkampfs sowieso nicht zu. Auch individuelle Daten auf Social-Media-Kanälen zu sammeln, komme nicht in Frage, heißt es von den Sozialdemokraten.

Die SPD-Wahlkämpfer schauen dennoch sehr genau darauf, was jetzt online passiert. Man kann es sich nicht mehr leisten, einen wichtigen Trend zu verpassen, oder durch Negativ-Kampagnen von anderen Parteien weitere Stimmen zu verlieren. Es gibt deshalb im Willy-Brandt-Haus eine eigene Monitoring-Abteilung. Sie soll auf aktuelle Trends reagieren und schnell gegen Fake News und Diffamierungen auf Facebook und Co. vorgehen. Auch könnte es immer noch sein, dass Informationen aus dem Bundestags-Hack von vor zwei Jahren auftauchen könnten, die der Partei schaden.

Um ihre Botschaften zu transportieren, hat sich die SPD schon Ende des vergangenen Jahres mit der Agentur KNSK zusammengetan. Jetzt kommt aber noch ein weiteres externes Unternehmen hinzu, das sich nur um Video-Content kümmern soll. Man hat sich wohl ein Beispiel genommen am Siegeszug der Grünen in Österreich. Die hatten bei ihrer siegreichen Van der Bellen-Kampagne zu einem Großteil auf Video im Netz gesetzt.

Intel to make Thunderbolt 3 royalty-free in bid to spur adoption

And the company has promised to put Thunderbolt 3 controllers into its processors.

The first step is straightforward and, in our view, a long time coming: the company is going to finally integrate Thunderbolt 3 into its processors. Although the first Thunderbolt 3 chips, codenamed “Alpine Ridge,” were released in the third quarter of 2015, last year’s Kaby Lake chipsets, including the high-end Z270, didn’t include any native Thunderbolt 3 support. Instead, vendors had to add Alpine Ridge chips separately, with many of them opting not to do so. They preferred to avoid both the extra expense and extra complexity.

Alpine Ridge also includes support for USB 3.1 generation 2, which offers speeds of 10 gigabits per second, doubling generation 1’s 5 gigabits per second. But while many desktop motherboards do include generation 2 support, they’ve almost invariably done so using chipsets other than Alpine Ridge. Again, companies want to avoid that expense and complexity.

With Thunderbolt 3 an integrated part of the processors, those issues largely evaporate. System builders will still have some work to do if they want to actually hook up the processor to the physical interface. But it should be much simpler for them to do and is sure to drive much wider adoption. Intel did not specify which processors would include the controllers or when they will ship.

The second step is perhaps the more important of the two. Currently, those Alpine Ridge chips are the only way to do Thunderbolt 3, with an Intel chip needed at both the PC end and the device end. Nobody else can make Thunderbolt 3 controllers. But next year, Intel says that it is going to make the Thunderbolt 3 specification available on a non-exclusive, royalty-free basis. This will enable third parties to integrate the interface into their own silicon, opening the door to, for example, AMD systems with Thunderbolt 3 support and cheaper chips for the device end of the cable.

We’re still some time away from seeing third parties get on board (and we’d love to know why Intel’s not just making the specs available today). But the future for the high-speed interface is looking bright. It’s already seeing much more adoption than its two predecessors ever did, and a world in which one cable can do it all is getting that bit closer.

Man Utd fans unite for minute’s silence after Arena bombing

Manchester United fans put the grief of Monday’s bombing to one side to enjoy the Europa League final.

The streets were awash with the red of Manchester’s famous football club as crowds gathered to watch one of the Red Devils’ most important games in years, with a minute’s silence observed in memory of the victims of Monday’s bombing.

The attack may have tested the city’s resolve, but it didn’t stop thousands gathering to share a drink and a hug, and watch Manchester United’s triumphant Europa League final.

Even the club’s rivalries with the likes of Liverpool and Manchester City were put to one side, and supporters around the world wished the team well.

“I can see tomorrow’s headlines already,” said fan Harry Charlton. “It will just say ‘United’.”

Mr Charlton was at the Old Nags Head in the city centre for the game, where fans watching on TV observed the same silence as the United players and their Dutch opponents Ajax did in the Friends Arena in Stockholm.

The pub has a reputation as one of the city’s most diehard United-supporting venues.

The 33-year-old bricklayer said: “It’s about unity. Manchester United has always been the most hated team in the world, because of its success, but I think everyone wants us to win this time.

“These attacks have hurt everybody. Everybody in the country. This match is a chance for the city and our friends everywhere to be united.

“A Manchester City fan walked past earlier with a club jacket on and he’d usually be told where to go. But even he said ‘lads, I hope you win’.”

Father-of-one Michael Noone, from Gorton, said he hoped the team would show the same fight and resolve that was so evident in the city’s defiant response to the attack.

In the end, Manchester United’s 2-0 win saw them take the trophy and return to the Champions League.

“Usually we have the big rivalries, like with City and Liverpool, but everybody has come together, regardless of the colour of their football shirts,” the 35-year-old recruitment manager said.

“The reaction has been huge, and this is just another way to help bring people together.

“You have a big terror attack like this but so much good has come out afterwards. It’s just a shame it had to happen at all.”

However, despite regular renditions of the usual football songs and chants, Daniel Constable, of Levenshulme, said he detected a sombre quality in the atmosphere.

“It was a bit different getting the taxi into town,” he said. “You could see it in the eyes of everybody walking around. I think everyone’s thinking about the same things.

“But the sun is shining and its been good to see everybody coming out happy to watch the game.”

From Bill Rice, BBC Radio Manchester, in Stockholm

The mood among Manchester United fans shifted from understated and sombre following Monday’s attack to hope and expectation in Sweden.

Keiron, a student in Manchester who travelled to the Swedish capital, says the response from the city of Manchester has been “incredible”.

“They are such great people and so willing to rally round in difficult times,” he said before kick-off.

“The atmosphere in Stockholm has been a little bit subdued. In the stadium it is going to be emotional, but I hope we use that emotion to perform better and bring the trophy home.”

Fans travelling to the game were quiet, after many had spent much of Monday night checking on friends and loved ones. They were tired because of it.

However, by Wednesday in the sunshine and heat of Stockholm, fans were drinking, chanting and looking forward to the final, albeit with mixed feelings.

Ryan, from Worsley, admitted it had not been quite the same as previous trips into Europe.

While he is “looking forward to it”, he said it was “on a bit of a downer, we want to be happy but at the same time we are worried about everyone at home”.

Lee, also from Worsley, said the game was less important to him. “I think you realise it’s just a game of football,” he said.

A seventh person is arrested in the UK over the arena attack, as pictures emerge appearing to show the bomber’s detonator and backpack.

Throwing chaos aside, Trump aims for caution on big trip

BRUSSELS (AP) — In his first big tour on the world stage, President Donald Trump is choosing caution over his usual brand of chaos. The early morning Twitter rants that so often rattle Washington have disappeared as Trump travels through the Middle East and Europe. The president has traded his free-wheeling speaking style for tightly scripted remarks. And with most of the traveling press corps being kept at a distance, the opportunities for him to be pressed on the controversies engulfing his administration back home are dramatically lessened.

US President Donald Trump, right, and First Lady Melania Trump wave to reporters before boarding the Air Force One to Brussels, at the end of a 2-day visit to Italy including a meeting with Pope Francis at the Vatican, at Rome’s Fiumicino international airport, Wednesday, May 24, 2017. (AP Photo/Riccardo De Luca)

President Donald Trump listens to a guide as they visit the Paulina Chapel inside the Apostolic Palace during his visit at the Vatican, including the Sistine Chapel, following his private audience with Pope Francis, Wednesday, May 24, 2017. (L’Osservatore Romano/Pool Photo via AP)

President Donald Trump and first lady Melania Trump meet Pope Francis, Wednesday, May 24, 2017, at the Vatican. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

President Donald Trump met with Pope Francis at The Vatican on Wednesday. As AP Reporter Nicole Winfeld explains, the two leaders set aside their differences to broadcast a tone of peace. (May 24)

Traveling on the fourth leg of his journey through the Middle East and Europe, President Donald Trump arrives in Belgium in advance of a round of meetings with NATO allies. (May 24)

President Donald Trump met with Pope Francis at The Vatican on Wednesday. As AP Reporter Nicole Winfeld explains, the two leaders set aside their differences to broadcast a tone of peace. (May 24)

BRUSSELS (AP) — In his first big tour on the world stage, President Donald Trump is choosing caution over his usual brand of chaos.

The early morning Twitter rants that so often rattle Washington have disappeared as Trump travels through the Middle East and Europe. The president has traded his free-wheeling speaking style for tightly scripted remarks. And with most of the traveling press corps being kept at a distance, the opportunities for him to be pressed on the controversies engulfing his administration back home are dramatically lessened.

President Donald Trump met with Pope Francis at The Vatican on Wednesday. As AP Reporter Nicole Winfeld explains, the two leaders set aside their differences to broadcast a tone of peace. (May 24)

Trump did briefly respond to one shouted question about his meeting with Pope Francis on Wednesday, offering this indisputable assessment of the pontiff: “He is something.”

The president appears likely to go his entire nine-day trip without holding a full news conference, a break from presidential foreign travel precedent. That’s allowed him to steer clear of the steady stream of new revelations about his dealings with ousted FBI Director James Comey and the federal investigations into his election campaign’s possible ties to Russia. And it’s left no real opportunities to push the president beyond his talking points on some of the trip’s most complex issues, including the prospect of restarting Middle East peace talks and strengthening regional alliances to combat terrorism.

The White House has been jubilant over the trip’s results so far, and content to let the images of Trump meeting with world leaders tell the story instead of the president’s own unpredictable words. The White House did not respond to questions Wednesday about whether he might squeeze in a news conference on the final legs of the trip, his meetings with NATO and European leaders in Brussels and the Group of 7 summit in Sicily.

Jen Psaki, who served as White House communications director for President Barack Obama, said every White House has to contend with the risks of letting events at home step on a trip’s message. But she said there’s also value in an American president engaging with the press on foreign soil.

“We always saw press conferences as part of our objective: to send the message in countries without a free press, or with limitations on freedom of speech that the United States valued these sometimes-unpredictable interactions as a part of democracy,” Psaki said.

Not that Trump has gone silent on his five-stop trip abroad. He called on Arab and Muslim leaders to step up in the fight against terrorism during an address in Saudi Arabia, and he called on Israelis and Palestinians to get back to the negotiating table during remarks Tuesday in Jerusalem. In both instances, he hewed closely to his prepared text — a rarity given his normal pattern of veering not only off script but sometimes wildly off topic.

There have been some self-inflicted wounds, most notably Trump’s decision to field a journalist’s question to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu about concerns over the president’s decision to share with Russia some classified intelligence that had been obtained by Israel. The president declared that he “never mentioned the word or the name Israel” in his discussions with the Russian officials.

In one short set of off-the-cuff remarks in Jerusalem, Trump told an Israeli delegation that he had just gotten back from the Middle East — despite the fact that Israel is squarely in the region. Ron Dermer, the Israeli ambassador to the U.S., can be seen in the video visibly reacting to the flub.

But some leaders Trump was slated to meet with on his trip had been preparing for far worse than the occasional Trump gaffe. At NATO headquarters, where he will visit Thursday, aides have prepped Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg for the possibility that the president could try to pull off a stunt such as passing around invoices to member countries who have not met the alliance’s financial guidelines, according to a person with knowledge of the planning.

Trump has been a sharp critic of NATO countries that don’t spend the agreed-upon 2 percent of their gross domestic product on defense, and Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said the president indeed planned to push allies hard on that issue. The person with knowledge of the NATO planning insisted on anonymity in order to disclose private discussions.

Trump advisers vigorously contest the idea that the president’s more measured tenor abroad is the result of significant staff intervention, arguing that the president himself is behind the approach for his first foreign trip.

The final leg may be the most challenging. After warm embraces from the leaders of Saudi Arabia and Israel, Trump will be meeting with European leaders who are still skeptical of his untraditional approach to politics and his hard-to-pin-down policy positions. The arrangements for the summits will also put Trump’s patience to the test, requiring him to spend hours locked in rooms listening to his foreign counterparts.

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AP writers Jonathan Lemire in Brussels and Nicole Winfield in Rome contributed to this report.

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Follow Julie Pace at http://twitter.com/jpaceDC

Billy Horschel is proud of his wife, who shared her battle with alcoholism

Billy Horschel says he changed to support his wife Brittany. Horschel took care of his daughter while Brittany received treatment.

Through the wonders of technology, there was his daughter, Skylar, who was born two days after Horschel won the 2014 Tour Championship, the FedExCup and the $10 million bonus bonanza, jumping for joy in the family’s Florida home in celebration of her daddy’s victory earlier that day in the AT&T Byron Nelson.

“It brought a huge smile to my face, tears to my eyes,” Horschel said. “I still watch it now because it’s such an adorable video.”

The following day another post on social media was equally moving. His wife, Brittany, whom Horschel first met while playing junior golf and married in 2010, wrote an emotional tribute to her husband on Twitter while sharing with all her battle with alcoholism.

“I am an alcoholic,” she wrote, and admitting that to herself, family and friends “saved my life and my marriage. … This weekend marked one year sober for me, but also marked a hard fought year for Billy. He deserved to soak in the glory of his win yesterday, throw his feet up and just let out a long, deep breath.”

“She’s a strong woman,” Horschel said in a phone interview Monday night with USA TODAY Sports. “She has overcome a lot and there is still a long journey ahead and a journey that will never end. But she’s very strong and she’s on the right path.

“I’m really, really proud of her.”

MORE GOLF:

Keeping the matter private was not easy for the passionate, rarely speechless Horschel, who is playing in this week’s Dean & DeLuca Invitational at Colonial Country Club in Fort Worth, Texas. Instead, he was consumed with supporting his wife and family. He took on sole responsibility of Skylar while still playing on the PGA Tour when Brittany spent two months last summer in a treatment facility. And during this time the family moved into a new house.

The battle at home also coincided with his struggles on the golf course, where his stellar ball-striking and putting stroke deserted him. While it proved difficult to concentrate on the task at hand on the golf course, Horschel plowed through the strain with every bucket of balls and every round played.

Ahead of the Byron Nelson he was winless since the 2014 Tour Championship, and his world ranking had tumbled nearly 70 spots in two years. He didn’t qualify for this year’s Masters, though his disappointment disappeared when Brittany gave birth to the couple’s second child, daughter Colbie, three days after Sergio Garcia won the green jacket.

He only decided to play the Byron Nelson and Dean & DeLuca in hopes of qualifying for the U.S. Open by way of world ranking. He arrived at the Byron Nelson having missed three consecutive cuts and also the cut in the Zurich Classic, a two-man team format featuring match play.

What happens when mommy forgets that there is no school and daddy is home?! Impromptu zoo day! 🐘🐅🦍🐒

A post shared by Brittany Horschel (@britt_horschel) on

“To say I didn’t have any doubts about my game would be a lie,” Horschel said. “But my practice sessions at home and early in the weeks of tournaments were great. They just weren’t transferring over to the course. There were those minute seconds where I wondered if I was doing the right things. But you have to look at things from the outside, and I always kept coming back to the same thing — we were doing the right things.

“It was very frustrating. I am a perfectionist. I know perfection is unattainable, but it’s a goal you have to try and achieve. It’s the only way for me to go forward. It was frustrating that I wasn’t seeing the fruits of my labor.”

But he didn’t whine and true to his DNA, he kept working and kept listening to his coach, Todd Anderson, who stressed a smoother, slightly slower swing tempo. He also changed putters.

Everything clicked in Texas as he shot 68-65-66-69 and defeated Jason Day on the first playoff hole, a win that qualified him for the U.S. Open. Horschel, who moved up to No. 44 in the world rankings, gave no thought to withdrawing from this week’s event. His family will join him next week at the Memorial in Ohio; he chats with his family on Facetime every day he’s on the road. He’ll also play in the FedEx St. Jude Classic the following week and then the Open the week after, making for a stretch of six events in six weeks.

“I like what I have coming up,” he said. “I like the momentum I have.”

And he likes where his wife and family are heading.

“This has made me a stronger person,” Horschel said. “I had to change to support her. I changed for the better. I’m still changing, still trying to improve myself as a human being. All is going great.”

PHOTOS: 2016-17 PGA Tour winners

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Injustice 2 Review: Gods, monsters, and unholy beatings

This sequel is great at everything except teaching you how not to get beaten.

That permissiveness begins with Injustice 2’s single-player campaign, which just might set a new gold standard for such modes in fighting games. Granted, that’s a low bar to clear, and NetherRealm is mostly competing with itself. But the cinematic unfolding of alternate-universe comic-book antics in Injustice 2 is wildly fun in its own right.

In the Injustice-verse, Superman is a villain. The first Injustice ended with the last son of Krypton locked up and awaiting trial for murdering both criminals and “potential” wrongdoers without hearings of their own. Just as Batman and his “no-kill club” allies are returning things to normal, a Superman-level threat invades Earth in the form of Brainiac. The alien machine-man wants the Kryptonian for his own personal collection, and perhaps the only one that can stop the invasion is Superman himself. Punching ensues.

The previous Injustice saw this “alternate” universe calling in help from a more recognizable DC Comics world. With Injustice 2, NetherRealm is going all-in on its own Elseworld fiction. New battle lines and factions are drawn as familiar characters pop out of the woodwork to express how they feel about preemptive justice and, when it comes down to it, whether killing is ever justifiable.

Some of this is glossed over in the game, partially because an Injustice comic book has been filling in those gaps since the first Injustice game. At points, it feels like the developers simply needed to throw in at least a token story-mode appearance for some fighters to justify their inclusion in the roster of fighters. Characters like Doctor Fate, Swamp Thing, Atrocitus, and The Joker feel more like cameos than plotline movers and shakers. That makes the first hour of Injustice 2’s story feel a bit rushed.

Once Brainiac hits the scene, though, the campaign picks up hefty, if familiar, weight. Comic book readers have seen the “What if Superman was bad?” story at least a half-dozen times now, but it’s hard to think of any adaptation that presents it with this much cinematic flair and attention to detail.

As in previous NetherRealm games, cutscenes seamlessly transition into fights, and vice versa, with a twirl of the camera. Combatants trade faithful, often shockingly obscure quips around every fight, both in and out of the story mode (Swamp Thing-on-Swamp Thing mirror matches start with one of them claiming to be Alec Holland, which was very gratifying for me, personally). And even with the lightning pace, NetherRealm shows how to condense years of recent character development into its sideline continuity. Harley Quinn’s severance from her famously abusive ex-boyfriend, for instance, is concise but a standout moment for the character.

The fighting itself is just as impactful. The most basic jab in Injustice 2 sounds like a 100-pound punching bag hitting another, slightly larger punching bag. That’s to say nothing of the absolutely insane super-moves that drill opponents into the core of the Earth or send them flying past the Sun.

The concussive blows and exceptional nonsense make sense, given Injustice 2 comes from the makers of the hard-hitting (and much bloodier) Mortal Kombat series. Just like the game’s sister series, combos and special moves in Injustice 2 send opponents bouncing up, down, and all around the screen.

This inherent bounciness and the generous timing windows make juggling opponents through combos relatively easy even when playing on a standard gamepad. The same basic button combinations are used for different special moves between characters, too, meaning there aren’t a lot of complex strings to memorize.

This is a double-edged sword, however. Delivering endless strings of loud, thumping blows is tremendously satisfying and easy to pick up. But that means your opponent is going to get those combos on you, too. Doing the bouncing ends up being much more gratifying than getting bounced.

Even a few days after launch, most of my time playing online multiplayer has been spent not playing at all. Instead, I watch my poorly handled Swamp Thing hurtle sideways across the screen for long seconds that feel like minutes. I’m functionally helpless to do anything but watch the carnage until the virtual referee mercifully calls the match. Often, I lose after barely standing up for long enough to throw a punch.

Losing isn’t the problem: I expected my relative lack of fighting-game skill to cause me to lose to online players coming off of months or years of practice from the first game. But the amount of time spent airborne when I was really losing in Injustice 2 was infuriatingly passive.

A dense tutorial explains how to get out of such situations. Once per match, you can wager chunks of your super meter to start a “Clash” that can interrupt combos and potentially regain health, as well. Then there are quick as well as delayed wake-ups, roll escapes, and reversal attacks to get out of hairy situations, too.

As easy as Injustice 2’s offense is to learn, I wish these escape mechanisms had some more comprehensive training options. You can always “tag” combos and special moves so their command strings display on-screen during matches, for example. But there’s no easy way to even remind yourself what all your defensive options are mid-match. That’s fine for players who have already internalized concepts like “wake-up attacks,” but it puts the onus of learning on easily juggled (and/or frustrated) newcomers…

Thankfully, the Multiverse has some far less savage opponents than flesh-and-blood humans to play against. Similar to Mortal Kombat X’s “Living Towers,” the Multiverse is a hub for time-limited strings of player-vs-AI fights with unique modifiers. Maybe you’ll start every match with one-percent health. Maybe a buzzsaw periodically appears on the stage floor. Maybe, if you’re lucky, you can periodically summon allies like Gorilla Grodd or Harley Quinn to do extra attacks on your behalf.

Not every modifier is “fun,” exactly (I seriously hate those buzzsaws… ). But you can usually leverage them into useful skills. Starting with almost no health, for instance, can teach you the importance of distancing yourself from opponents. Even the saws force you to think about jumping, both for offensive and defensive purposes.

The Multiverse provides an interesting “do or die” method of learning the ropes. But without concrete tactical examples outside of the tutorials, I still needed to bump back and forth between menus and modes more than I liked. On the upside, just like nearly everything else in Injustice 2, the Multiverse is a good source of loot.

Yeah, loot, as in armor and items that modify stats for every character. Loot is an odd, even slightly worrisome concept for a fighting game—which should, ostensibly at least, try to put players on even footing in the interest of fairness. Thankfully, Injustice 2 sidesteps the worst of that by simply turning stat bonuses off during ranked matches.

But the random drops always work in the Multiverse. That means, even if every player in the world up and decides to only play loot-less ranked matches, you’ll always have a place to play where your gear matters.

Of course, an extra 23 hit points doesn’t make you any better at setting up or escaping those seemingly endless series of combos. That just takes cold, hard practice. Injustice 2 has diffuse, but still approachable, methods of teaching. Flitting between tutorials to learn, the Multiverse to practice, multiplayer to prove yourself, and character customization to tweak the numbers just so isn’t the most convenient approach, no. But the game’s flashy fights and flashier story mode help ease you into the concepts enough that they will help you commit to this more easily than most other fighting games.

Just try not to rage-quit when you feel like you’ve spend 80 percent of your first few matches as a human basketball.

Verdict: Injustice 2 continues NetherRealm’s tradition of best-in-class story modes with solid, complex fighting to back it up. Learning the ropes could just be a little more convenient. Buy it.

Leaks ‘expose peculiar Facebook moderation policy’

The “inconsistent” rules used to judge and censor content on Facebook are exposed, claim insiders.

How Facebook censors what its users see has been revealed by internal documents, the Guardian newspaper says.

It said the manuals revealed the criteria used to judge if posts were too violent, sexual, racist, hateful or supported terrorism.

The Guardian said Facebook’s moderators were “overwhelmed” and had only seconds to decide if posts should stay.

The leak comes soon after British MPs said social media giants were “failing” to tackle toxic content.

The newspaper said it had managed to get hold of more than 100 manuals used internally at Facebook to educate moderators about what could, and could not, be posted on the site.

The social network has acknowledged that the documents seen by the newspaper were similar to what it used internally.

The manuals cover a vast array of sensitive subjects, including hate speech, revenge porn, self-harm, suicide, cannibalism and threats of violence.

Facebook moderators interviewed by the newspaper said the policies Facebook used to judge content were “inconsistent” and “peculiar”.

The decision-making process for judging whether content about sexual topics should stay or go were among the most “confusing”, they said.

The Open Rights Group, which campaigns on digital rights issues, said the report started to show how much influence Facebook could wield over its two billion users.

“Facebook’s decisions about what is and isn’t acceptable have huge implications for free speech,” said an ORG statement. “These leaks show that making these decisions is complex and fraught with difficulty.”

It added: “Facebook will probably never get it right but at the very least there should be more transparency about their processes.”

In a statement, Monica Bickert, Facebook’s head of global policy management, said: “We work hard to make Facebook as safe as possible, while enabling free speech.

“This requires a lot of thought into detailed and often difficult questions, and getting it right is something we take very seriously,” she added.

As well as human moderators that look over possibly contentious posts, Facebook is also known to use AI-derived algorithms to review images and other information before they are posted. It also encourages users to report pages, profiles and content they feel is abusive.

In early May, the UK parliament’s influential Home Affairs Select Committee strongly criticised Facebook and other social media companies as being “shamefully far” from tackling the spread of hate speech and other illegal and dangerous content.

The government should consider making sites pay to help police content, it said.

Soon after, Facebook revealed it had set out to hire more than 3,000 more people to review content.

British charity the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) said the report into how Facebook worked was “alarming to say the least”.

“It needs to do more than hire an extra 3,000 moderators,” said a statement from the organisation.

“Facebook, and other social media companies, need to be independently regulated and fined when they fail to keep children safe.”

It has been clear for a while that dealing with controversial content is just about the most serious challenge that Facebook faces.

These leaked documents show how fine a line its moderators have to tread between keeping offensive and dangerous material off the site – and suppressing free speech.

A Facebook insider told me he thought the documents would show just how seriously and thoughtfully the company took these issues.

Why then does it not publish its training manual for moderators so that the world could see where it draws the line?

There are community guidelines available to read on Facebook but the company fears that if it gives away too much detail on its rules, that will act as a guide to those trying to game the system.

But what will strike many is that they have seen this kind of document before. Most big media organisations will have a set of editorial guidelines, coupled with a style guide, laying out just what should be published and how. Staff know that if they contravene those rules they are in trouble.

Of course, Facebook insists that it is a platform where people come to share content, rather than a media business.

That line is becoming ever harder to maintain, as governments wake up to the fact that the social media giant is more powerful than any newspaper or TV channel in shaping how the public sees the world.

North Korea says ready to deploy, mass-produce new missile

TOKYO (AP) — North Korea says it’s ready to deploy and start mass-producing a new medium-range missile capable of reaching Japan and major U.S. military bases there following a test launch it claims confirmed the missile’s combat readiness and is an “answer” to U.S. President Donald Trump’s policies. The solid-fuel Pukguksong-2 missile flew about 500 kilometers (310 miles) and reached a height of 560 kilometers (350 miles) Sunday before plunging into the Pacific Ocean. North Korea’s media said more missiles will be launched in the future. Trump, traveling in Saudi Arabia, had no immediate public comment.

This image made from video of a news bulletin aired by North Korea’s KRT on Monday, May 22, 2017, shows North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, center, watches the test launch of what was said to be the Pukguksong-2 missile at an undisclosed location in North Korea. Independent journalists were not given access to cover the event depicted in this photo. North Korea fired a solid-fuel ballistic missile Sunday that can be harder for outsiders to detect before launch and later said the test was hailed as perfect by leader Kim Jong Un. (KRT via AP Video)

In this undated photo distributed by the North Korean government Monday, May 22, 2017, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un watches the test launch of a solid-fuel “Pukguksong-2” at an undisclosed location in North Korea. North Korea fired a solid-fuel ballistic missile Sunday that can be harder for outsiders to detect before launch and later said the test was hailed as perfect by leader Kim. The official Korean Central News Agency confirmed Monday the missile was a Pukguksong-2, a medium-to-long range ballistic missile also launched in February. The missile flew about 500 kilometers (310 miles) and reached a height of 560 kilometers (350 miles) Sunday before plunging into the Pacific Ocean. Independent journalists were not given access to cover the event depicted in this photo. (Korean Central News Agency/Korea News Service via AP)

This image made from video of a news bulletin aired by North Korea’s KRT on Monday, May 22, 2017, shows what was said to be the Pukguksong-2 missile at an undisclosed location in North Korea. Independent journalists were not given access to cover the event depicted in this photo. North Korea fired a solid-fuel ballistic missile Sunday that can be harder for outsiders to detect before launch and later said the test was hailed as perfect by leader Kim Jong Un. (KRT via AP Video)

In this undated photo distributed by the North Korean government Monday, May 22, 2017, a solid-fuel “Pukguksong-2” missile lifts off during its launch test at an undisclosed location in North Korea. North Korea fired a solid-fuel ballistic missile Sunday that can be harder for outsiders to detect before launch and later said the test was hailed as perfect by leader Kim Jong Un. The official Korean Central News Agency confirmed Monday the missile was a Pukguksong-2, a medium-to-long range ballistic missile also launched in February. The missile flew about 500 kilometers (310 miles) and reached a height of 560 kilometers (350 miles) Sunday before plunging into the Pacific Ocean. Independent journalists were not given access to cover the event depicted in this photo. (Korean Central News Agency/Korea News Service via AP)

This image made from video of a news bulletin aired by North Korea’s KRT on Monday, May 22, 2017, shows what was said to be the Pukguksong-2 missile lifts off as it is test-launched at an undisclosed location in North Korea. Independent journalists were not given access to cover the event depicted in this photo. North Korea fired a solid-fuel ballistic missile Sunday that can be harder for outsiders to detect before launch and later said the test was hailed as perfect by leader Kim Jong Un. (KRT via AP Video)

A man watches a TV news program showing image of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, published in the North Korea’s Rodong Sinmun newspaper, at Seoul Railway station in Seoul, South Korea, Monday, May 22, 2017. North Korea fired a solid-fuel ballistic missile Sunday that can be harder for outsiders to detect before launch and later said the test was hailed as perfect by leader Kim Jong Un. (AP Photo/Lee Jin-man)

People watch a TV news program showing images of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and the missile launch, published in the North Korea’s Rodong Sinmun newspaper, at Seoul Railway station in Seoul, South Korea, Monday, May 22, 2017. North Korea fired a solid-fuel ballistic missile Sunday that can be harder for outsiders to detect before launch and later said the test was hailed as perfect by leader Kim Jong Un. The letters on the top left reads “North Korea, missile launch.” (AP Photo/Lee Jin-man)

FILE – In this Feb. 13, 2017 file photo, a man watches a TV news program showing photos published in North Korea’s Rodong Sinmun newspaper of North Korea’s “Pukguksong-2” missile launch, at Seoul Railway station in Seoul, South Korea. North Korea fired a solid-fuel ballistic missile Sunday, May 21, 2017, that can be harder for outsiders to detect before launch and later said the test was hailed as perfect by leader Kim Jong Un. The official Korean Central News Agency confirmed Monday, May 22, the missile was a Pukguksong-2, a medium-to-long range ballistic missile also launched in February. South Korea and the U.S. had earlier described Sunday’s missile as medium-range. (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon, File)

A man passes by a TV news program showing a file image of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, at the Seoul Railway Station in Seoul, South Korea, Sunday, May 21, 2017. North Korea on Sunday fired a midrange ballistic missile, U.S. and South Korean officials said, in the latest weapons test for a country speeding up its development of nuclear weapons and missiles. The letters read: “North Korea launched a missile on April 29.” (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon)

TOKYO (AP) — North Korea says it’s ready to deploy and start mass-producing a new medium-range missile capable of reaching Japan and major U.S. military bases there following a test launch it claims confirmed the missile’s combat readiness and is an “answer” to U.S. President Donald Trump’s policies.

The solid-fuel Pukguksong-2 missile flew about 500 kilometers (310 miles) and reached a height of 560 kilometers (350 miles) Sunday before plunging into the Pacific Ocean. North Korea’s media said more missiles will be launched in the future.

Trump, traveling in Saudi Arabia, had no immediate public comment.

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un ordered the launch and watched from an observation post, state media reported Monday. The Korea Central News Agency said the test verified technical aspects of the weapon system and examined its “adaptability under various battle conditions” before it is deployed to military units.

Kim reportedly said the launch was a success, “approved the deployment of this weapon system for action” and said that it should “be rapidly mass-produced.”

North Korea has significantly speeded up its missile tests over the past year or so and appears to be making tangible progress toward developing an arsenal that poses a threat not only to South Korea and Japan — which together host about 80,000 U.S. troops — but also toward an intercontinental ballistic missile capable of reaching the mainland United States.

It’s moving ahead with its nuclear weapons program as well.

The North conducted two nuclear tests last year. It claims one was a hydrogen bomb and the other device created a more powerful explosion than any the North has previous tested. Satellite imagery suggests it could be ready to conduct its next test — which would be its sixth — at virtually any time.

Pyongyang’s often-stated goal is to perfect a nuclear warhead that it can put on a missile capable of hitting Washington or other U.S. cities.

North Korea’s media, meanwhile, have stepped up their calls for even more missile launches because of what Pyongyang claims is an increasingly hostile policy by President Donald Trump.

“The Trump administration would be well advised to lend an ear to the voices of concern that are heard from the U.S. and the international community,” the North’s Minju Joson newspaper said in a commentary Sunday. “Many more ‘Juche weapons’ capable of striking the U.S. will be launched from this land. This is the DPRK’s answer to the Trump administration.'”

“Juche,” in this usage, refers to domestically produced and DPRK is short for the North’s official name, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.

In an interview with “Fox News Sunday” U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said the ongoing testing is “disappointing” and “disturbing.”

South Korea held a National Security Council meeting after the launch, and its Foreign Ministry said the launch “throws cold water” on efforts to ease tensions on the peninsula.

At the request of diplomats from the U.S., Japan and South Korea, a United Nations’ Security Council consultation on the missile test will take place Tuesday.

North Korea a week earlier had successfully tested a new midrange missile — the Hwasong 12 — that it said could carry a heavy nuclear warhead.

Experts said that rocket flew higher and for a longer time than any other missile previously tested by North Korea and represents another big advance toward a viable ICBM.

David Wright, an expert on North Korea’s missiles and nuclear program who is with the Union of Concerned Scientists, said the latest missile could have flown farther but was fired on a “lofted” trajectory, which sends the missile high up so that it will land in the open seas rather than flying over or splashing down near neighboring countries.

He noted the Pukguksong-2’s solid fuel is of particular concern.

Solid-fuel missiles have their fuel loaded in them before being moved into place, allowing them to be launched faster and with more secrecy. Liquid-fuel missiles, on the other hand, are fueled at the launch site in a process that can last an hour and requires fueling and other vehicles. That makes then easier to spot and easier to destroy than the solid-fuel variety.

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AP writers Kim Tong-hyung in Seoul and Edith M. Lederer in New York contributed to this report. Talmadge is the AP’s Pyongyang bureau chief. Follow him on Twitter at twitter.com/EricTalmadge and Instagram at erictalmadge.

New York enclave with Nazi roots agrees to change policies

YAPHANK, N.Y. (AP) — An enclave of former summer bungalows, where Nazi sympathizers once proudly marched near streets named for Adolf Hitler and other Third Reich figures, is being forced to end policies that limited ownership to people of German descent. The German American Settlement League, which once welcomed tens of thousands in the 1930s to pro-Nazi marches at Camp Siegfried on eastern Long Island, has settled an anti-discrimination case brought by New York state. The settlement calls for a change in the league’s leadership and adherence to all state and federal housing laws.

In this May 22, 1938 photo provided by the New York City Municipal Archives, a large swastika is surrounded by a white picket fence at Camp Siegfried in Yaphank, N.Y. The enclave of former summer bungalows, where Nazi sympathizers once proudly marched near streets named for Adolf Hitler and other Third Reich figures, is being forced to end policies that limited ownership to people of German descent. (New York City Municipal Archives via AP)

In this May 22, 1938 photo, provided by the New York City Municipal Archives, members of the German American Bund pose for a photo at Camp Siegfried, in Yaphank, N.Y. The enclave of former summer bungalows, where Nazi sympathizers once proudly marched near streets named for Adolf Hitler and other Third Reich figures, is being forced to end policies that limited ownership to people of German descent. (New York City Municipal Archives via AP)

In this May 22, 1938 photo provided by the New York City Municipal Archives the front gate of Camp Siegfried in Yaphank, N.Y. is shown. The New York enclave with a history as a Nazi camp in the 1930s has agreed to change its policies that limited home ownership to people of German descent. (New York City Municipal Archives via AP)

In this May 22,1938 photo provided by the New York City Municipal Archives, a young member of the German American Bund poses for a photo with other members gathered behind him, at Camp Siegfried in Yaphank, N.Y. The New York enclave with a history as a Nazi camp in the 1930s has agreed to change its policies that limited home ownership to people of German descent. (New York City Municipal Archives via AP)

This May 18, 2017 photo shows one of 40 homes in a community run by the German American Settlement League in Yaphank, N.Y. The organization has settled a case with New York’s attorney general, who claimed the GASL was not complying with state and federal fair housing laws because it had restricted ownership of homes to people of German descent. The agreement with the attorney general calls for the ouster of organization leaders and regular reports to the state indicating compliance with all laws. (AP Photo/Frank Eltman).

YAPHANK, N.Y. (AP) — An enclave of former summer bungalows, where Nazi sympathizers once proudly marched near streets named for Adolf Hitler and other Third Reich figures, is being forced to end policies that limited ownership to people of German descent.

The German American Settlement League, which once welcomed tens of thousands in the 1930s to pro-Nazi marches at Camp Siegfried on eastern Long Island, has settled an anti-discrimination case brought by New York state. The settlement calls for a change in the league’s leadership and adherence to all state and federal housing laws.

Many residents in the tiny community of about 40 homes that is a small part of the rural hamlet of Yaphank declined to speak on the record, but those who did disputed their community is tainted by discrimination.

“There’s a mixed bag; it’s not like it was,” said Fred Stern, a member of the league’s board and a 40-year resident, who conceded the community was once primarily occupied by those of German descent. “It’s not like whatever they’re saying. If you went to every house and asked people’s nationality, it wouldn’t be any different than any other neighborhood.”

Kaitlyn Webber told a television interviewer that her “family’s always been very open. We’ve never had any issues with anyone discriminating against anyone up here.”

The homes, which stretch down a narrow street called Private Road and surround a large grassy ballfield along Schiller Court, are a combination of small bungalows and larger suburban-type ranches. Lawns are carefully landscaped and mailboxes — many with German surnames — sit street-side in the curbless enclave.

News accounts recall a groundswell of Nazism in the enclave in the years before the start of World War II. Camp Siegfried, where the homes stand today, was sponsored by the German-American Bund to promote Hitler, although many at the time also voraciously expressed loyalty to the United States.

Trains from New York City’s Penn Station were often jammed with people who traveled 60 miles (96 kilometers) east to Yaphank. A New York Times story from August 1938 reported 40,000 people had attended the annual German Day festivities at Camp Siegfried.

Swastikas were commonplace, including on some of the homes in the enclave at the time, said Geri Solomon, archivist at Hofstra University. “Some of the photos I have seen are kind of amazing,” Solomon said.

New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman said a 2016 settlement of a federal lawsuit brought by two former residents, who claimed The German American Settlement League policies hindered their attempts to sell their homes, called for an end to discriminatory practices. That settlement paid the former residents, who eventually did sell and moved out of state, $175,000.

Despite that agreement, Schneiderman found the league “continued to make new membership and property re-sale within the GASL community unreasonably difficult.”

The league owns the land on which the homes are situated and leases the property to homeowners, Schneiderman said. State investigators found that the league prohibited public advertisement of properties for sale. Members seeking to sell their homes could only announce a listing in person at member meetings or through internal flyers and meeting minutes circulated to the existing membership.

Stern, the league’s board member, conceded that much of the real estate turnover through the years had taken place by word of mouth. There was no need to advertise a sale, he said, because “everybody knew when a house would become available.” He blamed the complaints by the couple who brought the federal lawsuit on sour grapes, contending they had asked too much money for their home and that was the reason it didn’t initially sell.

Stern said homes in the community range in price from about $95,000 for a small bungalow to $300,000 or more.

An attorney for the couple involved in the 2016 settlement declined to comment on the attorney general’s announcement.

Schneiderman’s settlement with the league calls for the immediate replacement of the organization’s leadership, and requires it to regularly report compliance.

An attorney representing the league did not return emails seeking comment.

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Online: New York City Department of Records http://www.nyc.gov/html/records/html/home/home.shtml

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Associated Press investigative researcher Randy Herschaft contributed to this report.